Composting Articles

Organic materials have been composted since there was organic matter to compost. It is nothing new. However, it still can be challenging to compost properly. That is, to produce something that is safe and useful as a soil amendment. This is what we were trying to achieve when we designed the Actium Compost Drums. They …

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Quality Standard Stamp

Compost Quality Standards

Canadian Council of Ministers of Environment (CCME) Quality standards for Selling and Distributing Compost in Canada Composting is a natural process; however, it was not until the 1990s that medium to large-scale composting technologies became a public interest (Golueke and Diaz, 1996; Zheng et al., 2020). During the nineties, the public became more concerned and …

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Lignin and Other Carbon Sources for Composting

The Details in the Carbon Wood shavings, dried grasses, leaves, straws, stalks, and paper products are plant dry matter commonly added to compost as “browns” for their carbon richness. Brown materials aid in effectively decomposing nitrogen-rich (a.k.a. “greens”) waste products such as manure, food waste, and animal mortalities. In addition, brown materials are used as …

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Composting in the Subarctic – Moisture

Regulating Compost Moisture during Hot Composting Hot composting is most effective at decomposing organic waste when moisture levels are approximately 50%.  A compost with excessive moisture will cause Low temperatures that are below 40°C (104°F); smells foul; and/or brown liquid to be visible or easily freed when squeezing compost. Excessive moisture while composting does not …

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Thermometer in Actium Batch Composter

Composting Temperatures

Hot composting: In-vessel composters, such as the Compost Drum that is manufactured by Actium Composting Equipment, creates compost quickly by using the hot-composting (also known as active-composting) technique. The key to successful hot-composting is to create a composting environment that has ample oxygen, and achieve temperatures that reach 40°C – 65°C (104°F – 149°F). This …

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